Ahrweiler County, Rheinland-Pfalz, Deutschland
Some of my paternal ancestors lived in a small village named Müsch in the Rheinland of Germany. My third great-grandparents Nicolas Pohl and Anna Catharina Mauren emigrated from there in 1840. They settled near Westphalia in Clinton County, Michigan in 1841. Persons in bold lived in Müsch:
Müsch lies near the confluence of the Trierbach and Ahr rivers in Ahrweiler county, Rheinland-Pfalz, Deutschland. It may in fact take its name from the confluence of these rivers. In Latin, miscere means mix. Some interpret the name from mill. Another interpretation is a swampy region, from mus, meaning moor or swamp.
Müsch is in the district of Adenau, which celebrated its 1000-year anniversary in 1975. Müsch celebrated its anniversary one year later. Müsch is mentioned for the first time in 975 in the "Reifferscheid" document. Reifferscheid is a town northeast of Müsch. In this document archdeacon Wicfried from Trier concludes an exchange contract with the Abbey of St. Maximin. The priests in the Abbey received land in Müsch for their support. In the description of the parish it says "...inde ad terminationem Musche...," meaning "thence to the boundary of Müsch." The term terminationem implies that Müsch was already a parish in the archdiocese of Köln at the time and therefore it must have had a parish church.
In 1264 a knight, Theoderich von Musche, sold 4 houses, pasture land, nearly 107 acres of farmland and pasture rights for 200 sheep in Wirft in the parish of Müsch to the Abbey of Himmerod. In the directory of the Köln parish from 1316, the parish church is mentioned as Müsch, however it had no priests. The Parish was probably already considered a branch of the Antweiler parish. Also around 1316 the mill in "Musse" was included in the feudal state of Richard von Manderscheid.
In 1787 a new chapel was built, which was later renovated in 1864. In 1967 the chapel was dedicated to its patron saint, St. Katharina. It was later expanded in the 1970s.
In the 17th century the plague raged in the village of Rodder, two kilometers away. In 1667 many families died. The citizens of Müsch helped their neighbors by providing a place between both villages to store and mill grain. Today that area is still known as Pestkeuze [Pestkreuze? plague-cross].
The coat of arms for Müsch depicts a black double-eagle with red amour. The Trierbach and Ahr rivers are symbolized by two bands of waves. Since the town has several bridges, a bridge is also included. The wheel on the bridge symbolizes the patron saint, St. Katharina.
In 1804 Müsch was inundated with floodwaters within two hours. Four people were killed. Eight houses, twenty-two barns and stables, two mills and three bridges were lost. Eleven houses were heavily damaged. In 1910, the Trierbach River devastated the village. A dining hall for farm workers was completely washed away. All together 35 to 40 people drowned.
The Ahrtalbahn railway which passed through Müsch is no longer in service. Most of the railroad buildings in Müsch have been torn down. The station building remains and the railroad bridge over the road to Nürburgring and the Trierbach in Müsch is still intact.
The population of Müsch in 1815 was 142 people. Today in 2000 the village has 267 people and Matthias Schueller is the mayor. Towns that neighbor Müsch are Wirft (2 km), Hoffeld/Eifel (2 km), Antweiler (2 km), Rodder (2 km), Dorsel (3 km), Aremberg (4 km), Trierscheid (4 km), and Fuchshofen (4 km).
-- Mike Voisin
--This sketch was translated and adapted by Mike Voisin in January 2001 from websites on Müsch, Wirft, Rodder and the Ahrtalbahn railroad. My research in this area is from the Antweiler Ahr Kirchenbuch, 1533-1929 (LDS microfilm #0572082) which lists the births, marriages, and deaths of Müsch parishioners.
--Many photographs are by Jan Schauff. Jan kindly and generously volunteered to visit Müsch to take them. If you enjoy these pictures, send Jan a note of thanks. Be sure to visit Jan's website about the Ahrtalbahn railway.
--Müsch is also described in a website about the Eifel region.
Contact: Mike Voisin